Capital city: Tehran (interesting fact Iran has had more than 30 capital cities in its several-thousand-year history)

Neighbouring countries: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan

Geography: Located in West Asia, the Islamic Republic of Iran lies to the south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf (not the Arabian Gulf) and the Gulf of Oman (that’s fine, nobody has a problem with the Omanis). The country’s mountains enclose several broad basins, or plateaus. The country is greener in the west and north where the majority of the annual rainfall happens. Throughout the year, the country is famed for having several different types of climate.

Political system: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a unique form of governance coming into power from 1979 onwards. The country’s current leader is Sayyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei, he is a marja and the second and current Leader of the Islamic Republic in office since 1989. He was previously President of Iran from 1981 to 1989.  Below him is the regular government including country’s presidency, currently, this office is held President Hassan Rouhani who is currently in his second term in office.

Major religion: Islam (Shia Twelver Islam), minority religions include, Christianity, Judaism, Hindus and a smaller group of Sunni Muslims


Main languages: Persian (otherwise known as Farsi locally)  is the official language of Iran, however, there are several other languages spoken throughout the country including, Azeri (Turkish), Kurdish, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Zagari, Arabic, Armenian and Georgian. 

Money: Iranian Rial (IRR), but there is an unofficial currency called the Toman
Time: UTC+3.5 Hours
Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. Iran uses the ‘Schuko’ plug and socket, the same as mainland Europe. In the south of the country and near Iraq, the British three-pin plug is more common.
Internet domain: .ir
International dialling code: +98
Emergency numbers: Ambulance 115, Fire Brigade 125, Police 110 ( or 112 from a mobile phone)
Transport and driving: Drives on the right-hand side