How to deal with air pollution in Tehran

You guide by the city experts

Recently, Tehran, the bustling capital of Iran, has been grappling with a significant environmental challenge – deteriorating air quality. The city’s air pollution levels have reached alarming heights, prompting authorities to declare a ‘red alert’ status. This situation poses serious health risks to its residents and calls for immediate attention and action.

The Current State of Tehran’s Air Quality

Understanding the ‘Red Alert’ A ‘red alert’ in Tehran signifies that the air quality has deteriorated to a point where it poses an immediate and severe risk to all residents, particularly vulnerable groups such as children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing health conditions. This level of pollution is often caused by a combination of factors, including vehicle emissions, industrial activities, and geographical and climatic conditions.

Key Pollutants and Their Sources

The primary pollutants contributing to Tehran’s air quality crisis include particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), nitrogen dioxide, and ozone. These pollutants primarily originate from vehicular emissions, industrial outputs, and to some extent, from regional dust storms.

Impact on Health and Environment

Exposure to high levels of these pollutants can lead to respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, and can exacerbate asthma and other lung conditions. Additionally, this pollution level can have detrimental effects on the environment, impacting wildlife and contributing to the degradation of the city’s overall ecological balance.

A bird flies through the polluted sky of Tehran.

Strategies for Pollution Control

Government and Private Initiatives and Policies

To address this crisis, the government has implemented several measures such as restricting vehicle usage, promoting public transportation, and regulating industrial emissions. These steps are crucial in reducing the overall pollution levels in the city.

You can also check your local area on this pollution map which connects to local pollution meters in the city.

Individual Actions to Reduce Exposure

Residents can take certain measures to protect themselves from the harmful effects of air pollution. These include staying indoors on days with high pollution levels, using air purifiers, and wearing masks designed to filter out particulate matter.

Innovative Solutions and Community Participation

Community involvement in pollution reduction is vital. Initiatives like carpooling, advocating for green spaces, and participating in tree plantation drives can significantly contribute to improving air quality.

Items you can buy to clear the air? 

Iran’s largest e-commerce store DigiKala (it’s like Amazon) has a range of different air purifiers for your home or office, we recommend buying one of these for both your locations.


The air quality crisis in Tehran is a pressing issue that requires concerted efforts from both the government and the public. While policies and regulations are critical, individual actions and community participation play a pivotal role in combating this environmental challenge.