Ramadan in Iran: What is Eid (2020)

Eid e-Fitr and the day following are the two main days following the Islamic celebrations of Ramadan in one month’s time.

This year, Eid e-Fitr in Iran differs slightly from the usual fare due to the ongoing effects of coronavirus (COVID-19) on the country. Until recently shops, religious sites and restaurants were told to keep shut to halt the spread of the disease. However, new indications suggest religious sites across the country will reopen with social distancing measures in place.

Eid al-Fitr translates as the ‘festival of breaking the fast’ and happens immediately after Ramadan, with festivity, day-time feasts and family gatherings.

Customarily, family and friends dress up in new Eid clothes and visit each other’s houses bearing gifts. Meanwhile, many families during the final days often gift food to the hungry and homeless across the city as a sign of charity. Charity is known as “Zakat Fetrieh,” one of the five pillars of Islam and is significant during Ramadan.

Ramadan opening hours

Many industries in Iran work full time during the Ramadan period, unlike other countries in the region the Islamic Republic rarely changes its working hours.

This year, amid the coronavirus in the country, things are slightly different with shops and offices working remotely and sometimes on reduced hours.

Usually, offices make a special dispensation to those who observe the fast rituals and offer reduced working hours. However, if you are fasting, consult with your employer beforehand.

Departing the capital

This year as the city winds up for the long weekend festival, many people have headed out to places of natural beauty as well as the ever popular northern Caspian Sea region.

Eid e-Fitr
Eid e-Fitr traffic outside Karaj heading north and west.

Presidential decree to open

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announced here on May 21 that holy sites and religious places in the country will be allowed to re-open after Eid al-Fitr, the end of holy month of Ramadan.

Also, the city authorities also announced the reopening of restaurants across Tehran, as part of wider efforts to get the city’s economy going again. You may have noticed that some restaurants have been quietly opening serving cold and pre-cooked foods during the past month.

Tehran’s hotels and restaurants to open after Ramadan

Useful phrases to know!

Impress your Iranian colleagues and friends or answer back in a seasonal greeting in stores by saying:

Ramazan Mubarak = Happy Ramadan
Ghabool Bashe = May you be accepted [by God]
Eltemase Do’a = May your prayers and fasting be accepted [by God]

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