See old Tehran’s Eyn-o-Doleh Mansion in city’s East
Eyn-o-Doleh (Einodoleh, Ayn-o-Doleh) Mansion is a historical building in the north east of Tehran which many people would miss if it were not for the few articles written about this historical complex. Our resident culture expert Samson Seez gives you a few clues of the building’s historical significance.
Eyn-o-Doleh is one of the least recognised historical mansions in Tehran and does not even have an English Wikipedia page – which makes locating the site all that more difficult!
Dating back to the 19th century (Qajar period), Eyn-o-Doleh is a gem among the modern developments which now surround the sumptuous garden complex.
The Eyn-o-Doleh complex was originally owned by the then Tehran governor Abdolmajid Mirza. The name Eyn-o-Doleh was especially given to Mirza, which means ‘eye of the state’.
Later the Heravi family (which the area is named after) bought the mansion, and until the 1980s it was used as their summer residence.
In the modern day, the complex belongs to the public when Tehran Municipality was given the site by the family.
The facade and structure of the mansion have a typical 19th-century Persian style when one gazes upon the plasterwork applied to the walls.
The typical character of the long pillars and colourful traditional Qajar-style windows gives visitors the feeling that they’ve stepped into Tehran’s historical era of big moustaches and woolly hats.
Back in the ending days of World War 2, three important political leaders met at the Eyn-o-Doleh mansion. Who were they? US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. What were they doing? They were discussing their military strategy against Germany and Japan and making some important decisions on the Post World War era.
The legendary meeting between the 3 political leaders took place on the 1st of December 1943. Kermit Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin engaged in discussions concerning the terms under which the British and the Americans finally committed to launching an invasion of northern France to take back land from Nazi Germany.
According to the statement that was released, the allies vowed to recognize Iran’s independence and its geographical integrity. The troops of all three countries would then remain in Iran until the end of the war.
If you walk across the garden of Eyn-o-Doleh mansion, you will come across various sculptures depicting important Iranian people throughout history. Naming a few would be the most prominent poets like Hafez or Omar Khayaam. There is even a statue of the mythical Persian warrior Rostam and several waxworks of Iranians scientists from the past century.
The building also plays host to a contemporary gallery which often displays new exhibitions of Iranian artists work.